Hieronymus Bosch – The Garden of Earthly Delights
Jeroen (Hieronymus) Bosch was well known during his lifetime (ar.1450 – 1516).
His work was popular with collectors and his works have always been widely copied.
Of Bosch’s life we know very little, the name Bosch we know him under likely comes from his birthplace the city of ‘s Hertogenbosch, whilst his ancestors probably came from Aachen, as his surname was Van Aken.
He came from a painters’ family, his grandfather, father, and brothers were all painters.
His most famous work is the 3-part altarpiece of The Garden of Earthly Delights, painted somewhere between 1490 – 1515.
A review from the year 1517 describes the work hanging in the Nassau Palace in Brussels.
It is well possible that the work was commissioned by the rich Engelbert II of Nassau, who owned and lived in the Palace and who was made stadtholder (ruler) of the Netherlands by the Habsburg emperor Maximilian I.
Around 50 years later, William of Orange and Nassau, who inherited the Palace and all his fortunes, saw his possessions confiscated by the Spanish invaders under King Felipe II.
The painting by ‘El Bosco’ hangs today in The Prado Museum in Madrid.
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